Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of metabolic disorders. When a patient presents with these conditions together, the chances for future chronic diseases are greater than any one factor presenting alone. The prevalence of metabolic health in American adults is ‘alarmingly low,’ even among people who are normal weight, according to a new study. Only one in eight Americans is achieving optimal metabolic health. This carries serious implications for public health since poor metabolic health leaves people more vulnerable to developing Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other serious health issues. Insulin resistance has long been assumed to be a central driving force in this disorder. The causes of metabolic syndrome are primarily diet driven. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of symptoms that is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease as well as renal and neurodegenerative disease and may include three or more of the following measurements:

  • Abdominal obesity (Waist circumference of greater than 40 inches in men, and greater than 35 inches in women)
  • Triglyceride level of 150 milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL) or greater
  • HDL cholesterol of less than 40 mg/dL in men or less than 50 mg/dL in women
  • Systolic blood pressure (top number) of 130 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or greater, or diastolic blood pressure (bottom number) of 85 mm Hg or greater
  • Fasting glucose of 100 mg/dL or greater